Classroom Implication of Multiple Intelligences

Classroom Implication of Multiple Intelligences

Education, Umum
A. The Multiple Intelligence Theory The Multiple Intelligence Theory (MI) was developed by Howard Gardner, Harvard Graduate Professor in the School of Education, in 1983. MI refers to a learner-based philosophy that characterizes human intelligence as having multiple dimensions that must be acknowledge and developed in education (Richards and Rodgers, 2006: 115). MI theory challenges traditional, narrower views of intelligence, which is usually based on an IQ test, namely Stanford-Binet. The traditional theory of intelligence states that an individual's intelligence is a fixed entity throughout someone’s lifetime and that intelligence can be measured through an individual's logical and language abilities. In fact, the brain has not only logic and language ability, but also other important kinds of intelligence. Therefore, Gardner concludes that intelligence encompasses the ability to create and solve…
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PICTURE DESCRIPTION TASK (PIDETA) METHOD

PICTURE DESCRIPTION TASK (PIDETA) METHOD

Education, Umum
Background This method is actually derived from Task-Based learning, but it focuses only with the use of Picture Description. As we know that Task-based learning has become orthodoxy in contemporary EFL teaching and in recent years has been exported to many countries around the world. However there is little practical discussion of how tasks are actually implemented in school settings, particularly where conditions may be less than ideal, in terms of one or more of the following conditions: Large class sizes Cramped classroom Lack of appropriate resources Teachers not trained in task-based methodologies Teachers with limited language proficiency Traditional examination-based syllabi. Therefore, to make task-based easy to be applied, Pideta focuses only with the use of picture as a task. Pictures as parts of visual aids are commonly used for…
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USING PORTFOLIO TO ASSESS YOUNG LEARNERS PERFORMANCE

USING PORTFOLIO TO ASSESS YOUNG LEARNERS PERFORMANCE

Education, Umum
Introduction Traditional forms of testing and assessment have been criticized for their failure to truly assess young learners. Traditional forms of assessment do not represent the activities that children usually perform in the classroom. Children have an amazing ability to absorb the language through play and other activities which they find enjoyable (Scott and Ytreberg, 1990). Therefore, if the children are assessed using the traditional form of assessment, the result will not reflect the students performance. In addition, traditional forms of assessment only focus more on product rather than the process. For example, objective paper and pencil tests usually focus on whether children get the right answers, instead of the process of how they arrive at their responses (Fischer and King, 1995). Scott and Ytreberg (1990: 7) stated that formal…
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Teaching Speaking to Young Learners through Storytelling

Teaching Speaking to Young Learners through Storytelling

Education, Umum
Story is one of things that make people different from other creatures. People like to use story to tell about real events, history, and family. Story also can be used to teach young learners when they learn a language. Eades (2006: 11) says that stories can be an invaluable tool for developing speaking and listening skills and as a stimulus for discussion or for philosophy and thinking skills. In line with that statement, Garvie (1990) as quoted by Maurao (2009) describes story as a vehicle for all that is language learning, which includes the cognitive and affective factors. Cameron (2001: 160) says that storytelling is an oral activity, and stories have the shape they do because they are designed to be listened to and, in many situations, participated in. Eades…
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The Teaching of Writing in Junior High Schools in Indonesia

The Teaching of Writing in Junior High Schools in Indonesia

Education, Umum
Based on the basic competency for junior high school, it is said that language teaching in junior high school is targeted for the students to be able to communicate orally and written well (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Indonesia: 2017). The goal of teaching writing at Junior High School level is developing students’ competence in expressing for communication with people surround them. The teaching of writing in this level also aims at developing students’ competence in various text types including descriptive, recount, narrative, procedure, and factual report (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Indonesia: 2017). The distribution of the various text types taught at Junior High Schools level in Indonesia can be seen in Table 1.   Grade Text Types VII Functional Texts; descriptive texts VIII Functional Texts; descriptive texts IX Functional Texts;…
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SPEECH ACTS; A Critical Review

SPEECH ACTS; A Critical Review

Education, Umum
Introduction Language is a system of communication, a medium for thought, a vehicle for literary expression, a social institution, a matter for political controversy, a catalyst for nation building (O’ Grady, 1997). Language seems to have as many different functions as there are occasions for using language, but for all the apparent diversity the basic uses of language are rather limited. Therefore, this article will discuss about the form of sentences and the purpose of utterances, analysis of speech acts, and seven different kinds of utterances or speech acts. The basic premise of speech act theory is that language is a means by which we not only convey information but also perform things for our own benefit (Austin 1962; Searle 1969 in Songthama Intachakra 2004). The form of Sentences and…
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Teaching Speaking to Young Learners

Teaching Speaking to Young Learners

Education, Umum
Teaching speaking to young learners is not an easy thing. It needs some techniques and strategies to make them speak. In their own language they perhaps say and express everything in their mind easily, and most of them are expected to do that when they learn a foreign language. Unfortunately, this does not happen when they learn English. It happens because they only have little opportunity to practice speaking and to use the language outside the classroom. Linse and Nunan (2005: 51) say that time should be spent at home or at school helping children to develop skills in their native language because becoming proficient in any language requires attention to the process. As a consequence, they need a lot of practice when they are in the classroom. Moreover, children…
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The Teaching of EFL Writing

The Teaching of EFL Writing

Education, Umum
In learning a foreign language such as English, students have to learn how to write various text types. Learning language means knowing the language and it is normally proved by the ability to use the language, whether it is in the form of spoken or written. Therefore, an ability to write in English language is important for language learners, more particularly in the context of English as a Foreign Language/EFL (Cahyono, 2009). Through writing, English language learners can express message for interaction with people in the environment, especially for communicating with people who are not present. Writing also plays an important role in the classroom because it can reflect what the students know about the language or the materials that they have got, what they want to know, what they…
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Teaching Writing Using Internet Resources

Teaching Writing Using Internet Resources

Education, Umum
Internet is defined as an association of computer networks with common standards which enable messages to be sent from any registered computer (or host) on one network to any host on any other (Crystal, 2006: 3). Nowadays, the development of internet has become a pivotal part of life. It has influenced many aspects of humans’ life, including education.  There are some studies related to the utilization of internet in the teaching of English as second or foreign language. Cahyono (2012) in his book entitled Teaching English by Using Internet Resources presents some papers which purpose is to overcome the problems faced by some teachers who are still not familiar with online resources, various internet features, and internet resources for interactive teaching and learning. The book is divided into three parts.…
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Is Khilafah Still Relevant to be Implemented (in Indonesia)?

History
Indonesia is the country with the largest Muslim population in the world. As a consequence, Indonesia has some problems that cannot be solved by simple solution or a shortcut which is called khilafah. The definition of khilafah here is still absurd because khilafah is proposed only to show secularism sentiment. Without enough knowledge about islam, khilafah is only an imagination. In our social life, we cannot show off our theological argument and blame other religion. Nevertheless, we have to build the unity without questioning the diversities in our lovely country. In other words, we cannot reveal sectarian issues that will destroy our nation’s unity. Islamic shariah, in term of “Islam Rahmatan lil Aalamiin”, is substantial-inclusive, not the formalization of Islam in nation territory. It means that we should put forward…
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