An Overview of Descriptive Text

Education, Umum
Regarding to teaching writing at Junior High School levels, there are several text types that have to be taught to the students namely procedure, descriptive, recount, narrative, and report (BNSP, 2006: 124).  According to Zemach and Rumisek (2005: 25) a descriptive text explains how someone or something looks or feel. Martin (1989) in Mali-Jali (2007: 81) states that a descriptive writing describes characteristics of a particular individual, thing or place. In line with that statement, Knapp and Watkins (2005), Derewianka (2003), and Mun, et al (2008) define a descriptive text as a kind of text which purpose is to describe a particular person, place, or thing in detail. In addition, Hyland (2003: 20) argues that the purpose of descriptive text is to give an account of imagined or factual events…
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CONSTRUCTING GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST ITEMS

Education, Umum
Introduction   The multiple-choice  item is one of the most well known kinds of test used in educational assessment. Many people say that they like to use multiple choice item because it is practical. However, to construct good multiple choice item is not easy like when it is scored. There are four terms that typically found in a multiple choice item: a stem - the text of the question; options - the choices provided after the stem; the key: the correct answer in the list of options; distractors: the incorrect answers in the list of options. It is common knowledge that the correct answers should be distributed evenly among the alternative positions of multiple choice items, but there are many other important guidelines for writing good items. For example, Burton…
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Doa Agar Terbebas Dari Hutang dan Kegelisahan

Umum
Di dalam kitab Al Adzkar An Nawawi ada sebuah kisah yang menarik bersumber dari sebuah hadits dari sahabat Said al-Khudri yang diriwayatkan oleh Imam Abu Daud. Suatu ketika, Rasulullah menjumpai seorang laki-laki dari sahabat Anshar yang sedang duduk-duduk di masjid. Sahabat Anshar ini biasa dipanggil dengan sebutan ‘Abu Umamah. Melihat hal itu, Rasulullah kemudian bertanya: يَا أَبَا أُمَامَةَ مَا لِي أَرَاكَ جَالِسًا فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فِي غَيْرِ وَقْتِ الصَّلَاةِ ؟ “Wahai Abu Umamah, kenapa kamu duduk-duduk di masjid padahal ini bukan waktu shalat?” Abu Umamah menjawab: هُمُومٌ لَزِمَتْنِي، وَدُيُونٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ “Saya sedang gundah dan terlilit hutang ya Rasulullah! Kemudian Rasulullah balik bertanya: أَفَلَا أُعَلِّمُكَ كَلَامًا إِذَا أَنْتَ قُلْتَهُ أَذْهَبَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ هَمَّكَ، وَقَضَى عَنْكَ دَيْنَكَ ؟ “Maukah engkau aku ajarkan sebuah doa yang apabila kamu membacanya, maka Allah…
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Emla (Arabic Dictation): How to Write Arabic Correctly

Perangkat Pembelajaran, Umum
Emla (Arabic Dictation) About Hamza (ء) 1.1. Written Alif in the Beginning of Word The letter Hamza that lay in the beginning of a word, written Alif absolutely, may be hamzah qoth’i (أ) or be hamza washl  (ا) , in all haraka (vowel marks) such as fatha (ــَـ) , damma (ــُـ) , atau kasra(ــِـ) . Example: اِسْمٌ, أَبٌ, أَخٌ, أُخْتٌ, أُمٌّ, إِمَامٌ, أَكْرَم, اِكْرَامٌ, اُسْكُتْ 1.2. Written Alif in the Middle of Word Hamza  (ء) that lay in the middle of a word written alif   (أ)in three situations: If hamza is signed by sukoon (ءْ) and letter before it has haraka fatha (ــَـ) Example: رَأْسٌ, كَأْسٌ, بَأْسٌ, رَأْيٌ, طُمَأْنِيْنَةٌ, يَأْمُرُ, مَأْرَبٌ, فَأْتِ If hamza has haraka fatha(ــَـ) and letter before it has haraka fatha too (ــَـ). Example: اِتَّأَدَ, يَتَأَخَّرُ, مُتَأَمِّلٌ.…
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